Any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex and gender that has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, and on a basis of equality between women and men, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field. It can occur both through acts that result in, or have the effect of, women being denied the exercise of a right because of a lack of recognition of pre-existing gender-based disadvantage and inequality that women face non-intended or indirect discrimination , and through the omissions of acts, i. Discrimination can stem from both law de jure discrimination or from practice de facto discrimination. The CEDAW Convention recognises and addresses both forms of discrimination, whether contained in laws, policies, procedures or practice. Skip to language switcher Skip to main categories navigation Skip to secondary categories navigation Skip to current category navigation Skip to main navigation Skip to main content Skip to footer. Additional notes and information General It can occur both through acts that result in, or have the effect of, women being denied the exercise of a right because of a lack of recognition of pre-existing gender-based disadvantage and inequality that women face non-intended or indirect discrimination , and through the omissions of acts, i.
Forms of gender discrimination
Sex discrimination | Equality and Human Rights Commission
discrimination against women
The following paragraphs discuss the notions of sexism, implicit sexism, sexual harassment and sexual assault, all of which are common forms of gender discrimination against women. Sexism is the prejudice or discrimination based on sex, especially in the form of discrimination against women Merriam-Webster. It can also mean the unfair treatment of people based on their sex or gender. Although the origin of the term as it is used around the world is not entirely clear, it is associated with the "second wave of feminism" which lasted from the s to the s, and was likely modelled on the concept of racism Masequesmay,
Gender equality is essential for the achievement of human rights for all. Yet discriminatory laws against women persist in every corner of the globe and new discriminatory laws are enacted. In all legal traditions many laws continue to institutionalize second class status for women and girls with regard to nationality and citizenship, health, education, marital rights, employment rights, parental rights, inheritance and property rights.